5G is abbreviated the fifth generation and will be the successor to 4G in our devices. We have passed for generations according to mobile networks and the protocols have been improving:
1G (1979): used analog channels and only served to speak.
2G (1990): incorporates encrypted digital protocols, such as GSM. You could already talk, send SMS and data.
3G (2004): Internet speed is increased. The encryption used in Europe is UMTS / HSPA.
4G (2013): greater security and capacity of networks. There is an exponential increase in data consumption that allows streaming from mobile devices. It uses the LTE protocol, although most operators have kept 3G for voice calls.
And so we come to 5G, which uses a new protocol that has been called New Radio and, although it has been active in Spain since last year, it still does not work fully. To do this, we will have to wait until the NGCN kernel can be accessed.
What Are The Advantages Of 5G Over Previous Generations?
5G will allow more massive and faster connections. In fact, 5G technology leads to an exponential increase in capabilities with 4G:
- A transmission speed 100 times higher than 4G.
- More efficient utilization of band -reducing 90% of energy consumption of the network.
- A notable decrease in latency in communications.
- Multiple device interconnection capability.
However, in addition to the obvious technical advances that it brings, a large number of experts identify this technology as an unprecedented paradigm, responsible for a true sector revolution and absolute enhancer of other technologies such as IoT, Big Data, Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, Augmented reality or cloud computing.
The main advantage will be, as in the last updates, speed. This new generation of network will allow surfing at 10 giants per second. This means multiplying by 10 the capacity of the optical fibre. To be understood, we can download a full movie in just a few seconds.
On the other hand, the latency, which we can define as the response time of the network, will be only about 5 milliseconds.
This will mean increasing the potential of companies in the following areas:
Companies in rural: those companies that are located in areas with little accessibility and that, therefore, have a greater dependence on the quality of the connection.
Health sector: it is expected that hospitalization rates may be reduced since the implementation of this technology will be able to expand the monitoring of patients from home.
Automotive sector: lower latency will facilitate the expansion of autonomous cars (those that do not require a driver).
Management in cities: a boost will be given to the so-called “ smart cities ”. This term is used for those cities that bet on technology (digitization) as a means to make them more sustainable and modern. From improvements in traffic management to more efficient waste management, passing through security. All of these sectors can benefit from increased network capacity for massive data management.
Home automation sector: thanks to 5G and the improvements in this sector, it will be easier for us to connect all the devices we want to each other to manage them through the mobile.