The programming languages are mainly divided into two types: low – level, communicating directly with the binary language of machines; and those of high level, that facilitate its understanding on the part of the programmers.
Next, we are going to review the most used types of language.
The programming languages most used by software developers today are the following:
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PHP is an open source programming language , focused on web development . Among the many things that can be done with PHP are the creation of dynamic websites by being able to embed its code within HTML and its use as server-side scripts .
Java is an object- oriented programming language that stands out for being cross-platform . Java code has the great advantage that it can be executed on any device. Java is one of the most widely used languages today thanks to the use made of different platforms ( smartphones , computers and tablets , mainly).
It is a very versatile open source programming language , widely used today for artificial intelligence and Big Data . The language is simple, easily readable and elegant, having a very short learning curve compared to other types of language. Python can also be used on practically any current operating system.
C / C ++
The C language and its C ++ extension are still one of the most widely used languages today. It is chosen by computer scientists when you need powerful programming that even needs to go down to program some tasks in assembler . Despite having a high learning curve, it is still highly sought after in programming in general and in video games in particular.
C # and Visual Basic
They are two of Microsoft’s object-oriented programming languages that use their.net framework . They are widely used to create a wide variety of applications.
It is a programming language based on C and intended for the development of applications for iOS and macOS . It is an object-oriented language with which most iPhone or iPad apps are developed .
Other Programming Languages
We can highlight a list of other programming languages that are widely used today:
- Ruby (interpreted where everything is an object).
- Swift (for iOS and macOS)
- SQL (to get information from a database).
- Delphi (Object Pascal).
- Perl (for CGI web applications).
As we have seen, there are many types of high-level programming languages today . Low-level programming (machine language and assembly) is very complicated, so programmers turn to different high-level programming languages to facilitate and speed up the development of their software projects .